Water is said to be a source of life, but too much or too little of it can be fatal. Providing your plants with just the right amount is essential. Container gardens dry out faster in the summer because they are more exposed to sun and wind. Using a large, non-porous container is a good place to start if you want to prevent excessive evaporation. Additionally, growing mediums are not created equal and some are better at retaining moisture than others, so using a growing mediums specifically formulated for container gardening is recommended.
It is best to water plants in the morning to provide them with all the essential components needed for photosynthesis and scorching temperatures. Watering should be avoided around noon and early afternoon because less water typically gets to the roots. Early evening is the next best time to water your garden but be sure to let the plant leaves dry before it gets dark to prevent fungal problems. Regardless of the time you water, it is always best to water plants at the soil line so that more water gets to the roots where it’s needed most. Water plants thoroughly, until water runs out of the bottom of the container. Avoid allowing the soil to dry out excessively between waterings.
Lastly, moisture loss can be minimized with the help of mulches, wetting agents and drip irrigation. You can also use shade to shelter plants from strong winds and direct sunlight. There are lots of options at your disposal, so chose the one best suited to your needs.
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